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bsd-getopt_long.c

/*    $OpenBSD: getopt_long.c,v 1.17 2004/06/03 18:46:52 millert Exp $    */
/*    $NetBSD: getopt_long.c,v 1.15 2002/01/31 22:43:40 tv Exp $    */

/*
 * Copyright (c) 2002 Todd C. Miller <Todd.Miller@courtesan.com>
 *
 * Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software for any
 * purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
 * copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND TODD C. MILLER DISCLAIMS ALL
 * WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES
 * OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS. IN NO EVENT SHALL TODD C. MILLER BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES
 * WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION
 * OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN
 * CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
 */
/*-
 * Copyright (c) 2000 The NetBSD Foundation, Inc.
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * This code is derived from software contributed to The NetBSD Foundation
 * by Dieter Baron and Thomas Klausner.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
 *    must display the following acknowledgement:
 *        This product includes software developed by the NetBSD
 *        Foundation, Inc. and its contributors.
 * 4. Neither the name of The NetBSD Foundation nor the names of its
 *    contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
 *    from this software without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE NETBSD FOUNDATION, INC. AND CONTRIBUTORS
 * ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED
 * TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
 * PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE FOUNDATION OR CONTRIBUTORS
 * BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
 * CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
 * SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
 * INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
 * CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
 * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
 * POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#define IN_GETOPT_LONG_C 1

#include <config.h>
#include "ucarp.h"

#ifndef HAVE_GETOPT_LONG

# include "bsd-getopt_long.h"

# ifdef WITH_DMALLOC
#  include <dmalloc.h>
# endif

int    pure_opterr = 1;        /* if error message should be printed */
int    pure_optind = 1;        /* index into parent argv vector */
int    pure_optopt = '?';        /* character checked for validity */
int    pure_optreset;        /* reset getopt */
const char    *pure_optarg;        /* argument associated with option */

# define PRINT_ERROR    ((pure_opterr) && (*options != ':'))

# define FLAG_PERMUTE    0x01    /* permute non-options to the end of argv */
# define FLAG_ALLARGS    0x02    /* treat non-options as args to option "-1" */
# define FLAG_LONGONLY    0x04    /* operate as pure_pure_getopt_long_only */

/* return values */
# define    BADCH        (int)'?'
# define    BADARG        ((*options == ':') ? (int)':' : (int)'?')
# define    INORDER     (int)1

# define    EMSG        ""

static int pure_getopt_internal(int, char * const *, const char *,
                                const struct pure_option *, int *, int);
static int pure_parse_long_options(char * const *, const char *,
                                   const struct pure_option *, int *, int);
static int pure_gcd(int, int);
static void pure_permute_args(int, int, int, char * const *);

static const char *pure_place = EMSG; /* option letter processing */

/* XXX: set pure_optreset to 1 rather than these two */
static int nonopt_start = -1; /* first non option argument (for permute) */
static int nonopt_end = -1;   /* first option after non options (for permute) */

/* Error messages */
static const char *recargchar = "option requires an argument -- %c";
static const char *recargstring = "option requires an argument -- %s";
static const char *ambig = "ambiguous option -- %.*s";
static const char *noarg = "option doesn't take an argument -- %.*s";
static const char *illoptchar = "unknown option -- %c";
static const char *illoptstring = "unknown option -- %s";

/*
 * Compute the greatest common divisor of a and b.
 */
static int pure_gcd(int a, int b)
{
    int c;
    
    c = a % b;
    while (c != 0) {
        a = b;
        b = c;
        c = a % b;
    }    
    return b;
}

/*
 * Exchange the block from nonopt_start to nonopt_end with the block
 * from nonopt_end to opt_end (keeping the same order of arguments
 * in each block).
 */
static void pure_permute_args(int panonopt_start, int panonopt_end, 
                              int opt_end, char * const *nargv)
{
    int cstart, cyclelen, i, j, ncycle, nnonopts, nopts, pos;
    char *swap;
    
    /*
     * compute lengths of blocks and number and size of cycles
     */
    nnonopts = panonopt_end - panonopt_start;
    nopts = opt_end - panonopt_end;
    ncycle = pure_gcd(nnonopts, nopts);
    cyclelen = (opt_end - panonopt_start) / ncycle;
    
    for (i = 0; i < ncycle; i++) {
        cstart = panonopt_end+i;
        pos = cstart;
        for (j = 0; j < cyclelen; j++) {
            if (pos >= panonopt_end)
                pos -= nnonopts;
            else
                pos += nopts;
            swap = nargv[pos];
            /* LINTED const cast */
            ((char **) nargv)[pos] = nargv[cstart];
            /* LINTED const cast */
            ((char **)nargv)[cstart] = swap;
        }
    }
}

/*
 * pure_parse_long_options --
 *    Parse long options in argc/argv argument vector.
 * Returns -1 if short_too is set and the option does not match long_options.
 */
static int pure_parse_long_options(char * const *nargv, const char *options,
                                   const struct pure_option *long_options,
                                   int *idx, int short_too)
{
    const char *current_argv, *has_equal;
    size_t current_argv_len;
    int i, match;
    
    current_argv = pure_place;
    match = -1;
    
    pure_optind++;
    
    if ((has_equal = strchr(current_argv, '=')) != NULL) {
        /* argument found (--option=arg) */
        current_argv_len = has_equal - current_argv;
        has_equal++;
    } else
        current_argv_len = strlen(current_argv);
    
    for (i = 0; long_options[i].name; i++) {
        /* find matching long option */
        if (strncmp(current_argv, long_options[i].name,
            current_argv_len))
            continue;
        
        if (strlen(long_options[i].name) == current_argv_len) {
            /* exact match */
            match = i;
            break;
        }
        /*
         * If this is a known short option, don't allow
         * a partial match of a single character.
         */
        if (short_too && current_argv_len == 1)
            continue;
        
        if (match == -1)    /* partial match */
            match = i;
        else {
            /* ambiguous abbreviation */
            if (PRINT_ERROR)
                fprintf(stderr, ambig, (int)current_argv_len,
                        current_argv);
            pure_optopt = 0;
            return BADCH;
        }
    }
    if (match != -1) {        /* option found */
        if (long_options[match].has_arg == no_argument
            && has_equal) {
            if (PRINT_ERROR)
                fprintf(stderr, noarg, (int)current_argv_len,
                        current_argv);
            /*
             * XXX: GNU sets pure_optopt to val regardless of flag
             */
            if (long_options[match].flag == NULL)
                pure_optopt = long_options[match].val;
            else
                pure_optopt = 0;
            return BADARG;
        }
        if (long_options[match].has_arg == required_argument ||
            long_options[match].has_arg == optional_argument) {
            if (has_equal)
                pure_optarg = has_equal;
            else if (long_options[match].has_arg ==
                     required_argument) {
                /*
                 * optional argument doesn't use next nargv
                 */
                pure_optarg = nargv[pure_optind++];
            }
        }
        if ((long_options[match].has_arg == required_argument)
            && (pure_optarg == NULL)) {
            /*
             * Missing argument; leading ':' indicates no error
             * should be generated.
             */
            if (PRINT_ERROR)
                fprintf(stderr, recargstring,
                        current_argv);
            /*
             * XXX: GNU sets pure_optopt to val regardless of flag
             */
            if (long_options[match].flag == NULL)
                pure_optopt = long_options[match].val;
            else
                pure_optopt = 0;
            --pure_optind;
            return BADARG;
        }
    } else {            /* unknown option */
        if (short_too) {
            --pure_optind;
            return -1;
        }
        if (PRINT_ERROR)
            fprintf(stderr, illoptstring, current_argv);
        pure_optopt = 0;
        return BADCH;
    }
    if (idx)
        *idx = match;
    if (long_options[match].flag) {
        *long_options[match].flag = long_options[match].val;
        return 0;
    } else
        return long_options[match].val;
}

/*
 * getopt_internal --
 *    Parse argc/argv argument vector.  Called by user level routines.
 */
static int pure_getopt_internal(int nargc, char * const *nargv,
                                const char *options,
                                const struct pure_option *long_options,
                                int *idx, int flags)
{
    char *oli;                /* option letter list index */
    int optchar, short_too;
    static int posixly_correct = -1;
    
    if (options == NULL)
        return -1;
    
    /*
     * Disable GNU extensions if POSIXLY_CORRECT is set or options
     * string begins with a '+'.
     */
    if (posixly_correct == -1)
        posixly_correct = (getenv("POSIXLY_CORRECT") != NULL);
    if (posixly_correct || *options == '+')
        flags &= ~FLAG_PERMUTE;
    else if (*options == '-')
        flags |= FLAG_ALLARGS;
    if (*options == '+' || *options == '-')
        options++;
    
    /*
     * XXX Some GNU programs (like cvs) set pure_optind to 0 instead of
     * XXX using pure_optreset.  Work around this braindamage.
     */
    if (pure_optind == 0)
        pure_optind = pure_optreset = 1;
    
    pure_optarg = NULL;
    if (pure_optreset)
        nonopt_start = nonopt_end = -1;
    start:
    if (pure_optreset || !*pure_place) {        /* update scanning pointer */
        pure_optreset = 0;
        if (pure_optind >= nargc) {          /* end of argument vector */
            pure_place = EMSG;
            if (nonopt_end != -1) {
                /* do permutation, if we have to */
                pure_permute_args(nonopt_start, nonopt_end,
                                  pure_optind, nargv);
                pure_optind -= nonopt_end - nonopt_start;
            }
            else if (nonopt_start != -1) {
                /*
                 * If we skipped non-options, set pure_optind
                 * to the first of them.
                 */
                pure_optind = nonopt_start;
            }
            nonopt_start = nonopt_end = -1;
            return -1;
        }
        if (*(pure_place = nargv[pure_optind]) != '-' ||
            (pure_place[1] == '\0' && strchr(options, '-') == NULL)) {
            pure_place = EMSG;        /* found non-option */
            if (flags & FLAG_ALLARGS) {
                /*
                 * GNU extension:
                 * return non-option as argument to option 1
                 */
                pure_optarg = nargv[pure_optind++];
                return INORDER;
            }
            if (!(flags & FLAG_PERMUTE)) {
                /*
                 * If no permutation wanted, stop parsing
                 * at first non-option.
                 */
                return -1;
            }
            /* do permutation */
            if (nonopt_start == -1)
                nonopt_start = pure_optind;
            else if (nonopt_end != -1) {
                pure_permute_args(nonopt_start, nonopt_end,
                                  pure_optind, nargv);
                nonopt_start = pure_optind -
                    (nonopt_end - nonopt_start);
                nonopt_end = -1;
            }
            pure_optind++;
            /* process next argument */
            goto start;
        }
        if (nonopt_start != -1 && nonopt_end == -1)
            nonopt_end = pure_optind;
        
        /* If we have "-" do nothing, if "--" we are done. */
        
        if (pure_place[1] != '\0' && *++pure_place == '-' &&
            pure_place[1] == '\0') {
            pure_optind++;
            pure_place = EMSG;
            /*
             * We found an option (--), so if we skipped
             * non-options, we have to permute.
             */
            if (nonopt_end != -1) {
                pure_permute_args(nonopt_start, nonopt_end,
                                  pure_optind, nargv);
                pure_optind -= nonopt_end - nonopt_start;
            }
            nonopt_start = nonopt_end = -1;
            return -1;
        }
    }
    
    /*
     * Check long options if:
     *  1) we were passed some
     *  2) the arg is not just "-"
     *  3) either the arg starts with -- we are pure_pure_getopt_long_only()
     */
    if (long_options != NULL && pure_place != nargv[pure_optind] &&
        (*pure_place == '-' || (flags & FLAG_LONGONLY))) {
        short_too = 0;
        if (*pure_place == '-')
            pure_place++;        /* --foo long option */
        else if (*pure_place != ':' && strchr(options, *pure_place) != NULL)
            short_too = 1;        /* could be short option too */
        
        optchar = pure_parse_long_options(nargv, options, long_options,
                                          idx, short_too);
        if (optchar != -1) {
            pure_place = EMSG;
            return optchar;
        }
    }
    
    if ((optchar = (int)*pure_place++) == (int)':' ||
        (oli = strchr(options, optchar)) == NULL) {
        /*
         * If the user specified "-" and '-' isn't listed in
         * options, return -1 (non-option) as per POSIX.
         * Otherwise, it is an unknown option character (or :').
         */
        if (optchar == (int) '-' && *pure_place == '\0')
            return -1;
        if (!*pure_place)
            ++pure_optind;
        if (PRINT_ERROR)
            fprintf(stderr, illoptchar, optchar);
        pure_optopt = optchar;
        return BADCH;
    }
    if (long_options != NULL && optchar == 'W' && oli[1] == ';') {
        /* -W long-option */
        if (*pure_place)            /* no space */
            /* NOTHING */;
        else if (++pure_optind >= nargc) {    /* no arg */
            pure_place = EMSG;
            if (PRINT_ERROR)
                fprintf(stderr, recargchar, optchar);
            pure_optopt = optchar;
            return BADARG;
        } else                /* white space */
            pure_place = nargv[pure_optind];
        optchar = pure_parse_long_options(nargv, options, long_options,
                                          idx, 0);
        pure_place = EMSG;
        return optchar;
    }
    if (*++oli != ':') {            /* doesn't take argument */
        if (!*pure_place)
            ++pure_optind;
    } else {                /* takes (optional) argument */
        pure_optarg = NULL;
        if (*pure_place)            /* no white space */
            pure_optarg = pure_place;
        /* XXX: disable test for :: if PC? (GNU doesn't) */
        else if (oli[1] != ':') {    /* arg not optional */
            if (++pure_optind >= nargc) {    /* no arg */
                pure_place = EMSG;
                if (PRINT_ERROR)
                    fprintf(stderr, recargchar, optchar);
                pure_optopt = optchar;
                return BADARG;
            } else if (!(flags & FLAG_PERMUTE)) {
                /* 
                 * If permutation is disabled, we can accept an
                 * optional arg separated by whitespace so long
                 * as it does not start with a dash (-).
                 */
                 if (pure_optind + 1 < nargc && pure_optind + 1 > 0 &&
                     *nargv[pure_optind + 1] != '-') {
                     pure_optarg = nargv[++pure_optind];
                 }
            }
        }
        pure_place = EMSG;
        ++pure_optind;
    }
    /* dump back option letter */
    return optchar;
}

/*
 * getopt --
 *    Parse argc/argv argument vector.
 */
int pure_getopt(int nargc, char * const *nargv, const char *options)
{
    
    /*
     * We dont' pass FLAG_PERMUTE to pure_getopt_internal() since
     * the BSD getopt(3) (unlike GNU) has never done this.
     *
     * Furthermore, since many privileged programs call getopt()
     * before dropping privileges it makes sense to keep things
     * as simple (and bug-free) as possible.
     */
    return pure_getopt_internal(nargc, nargv, options, NULL, NULL, 0);
}

/*
 * pure_getopt_long --
 *    Parse argc/argv argument vector.
 */
int pure_getopt_long(int nargc, char * const *nargv, const char *options,
                     const struct pure_option *long_options, int *idx)
{
    return pure_getopt_internal(nargc, nargv, options, long_options, idx,
                                FLAG_PERMUTE);
}

/*
 * pure_pure_getopt_long_only --
 *    Parse argc/argv argument vector.
 */
int pure_pure_getopt_long_only(int nargc, char * const *nargv,
                               const char *options,
                               const struct pure_option *long_options,
                               int *idx)
{
    return pure_getopt_internal(nargc, nargv, options, long_options, idx,
                                FLAG_PERMUTE|FLAG_LONGONLY);
}

#endif

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